The Limited Vote

Limited Vote
The Limited Vote
How voting systems work

The Limited Vote

How does the Limited Vote work?

Where is the Limted Vote used?

• The Spanish Senate.
• Gibraltar's House of Assembly.
• Various local-level elections, such as those for municipal offices in some US States.

The Limited Vote is a voting system used in multi-member constituencies.

Voters have more than one vote, but less votes than the number of seats to be filled. The candidates with the most votes get elected.

Under a variant of Limited Vote called the Single Non-Transferable Vote (SNTV), voters cast just one vote in multi-member constituencies and seats go to the candidates with the most votes.

Pros and cons of the Limted Vote

The case for

The arguments against

It is relatively simple for voters to understand.

The Limited Vote leads to disproportional outcomes. The more votes an elector has, the more disproportional the result will be and the harder it is for smaller parties or minority candidates to gain representation.

It encourages strong party organisation.


Voting Systems

Proportional Representation Mixed Systems Majoritarian Systems
More representative as seats are distributed according to vote share. Combines the features of majoritarian-style systems and Proportional Representation. Systems that are highly disproportional.
Single Transferable Vote Additional Member System First Past the Post
Party List PR Alternative Vote Plus Alternative Vote
    Borda Count
    Block Vote
    Limited Vote
    Supplementary Vote
    Two-Round System