new zealand

29th May 2012
29 May 2012
new zealand
electoral systems



New Zealand's MMP Referendum and General Election of November 2011

City Temple Conference Centre EC1A 2DE

New Zealand's MMP Referendum and General Election of November 2011 with Professor Jack Vowles, University of Exeter

On November 26 2011 New Zealanders voted to retain their Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) electoral system by a comfortable margin of 58 to 42 per cent. In an earlier pair of referendums in 1992 and 1993, New Zealand had voted to shift to MMP from its former simple member plurality (SMP) system. In comparison with efforts to change electoral systems elsewhere, the New Zealand shift to MMP has been proven robust, and is now likely to persist. Using post-referendum survey data the paper develops an explanation of the ‘persistence of reform' in the New Zealand case of electoral system change. The paper also draws come comparisons between the British and New Zealand Electoral System Referendums, particularly with respect to their regulative frameworks
Jack Vowles is Professor of Political Science at the University of Exeter, although later this year he is returning to New Zealand to become Professor of Comparative Politics at Victoria University of Wellington. He has led the New Zealand Election Study since 1996, serves on the Planning Committee of the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES) and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

For more information contact Paul Wilder on or vitsit the McDougall Trust website.